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Department of Biochemistry


Primary publications

185. " Systems Operated with Algae and Built with Recycled Materials." Bateson P, Fleet J, Riseley A, Janeva E, Marcella A, Farinea C, Kuptsova M, Conde Pueyo N, Howe C, Bombelli P, Parker B. Electrochemical Characterisation of Bio-Bottle-Voltaic (BBV)(2018) Biology. Jun;7(2):26.


184. "Porous translucent electrodes enhance current generation from photosynthetic biofilms." Wenzel T, Härtter D, Bombelli P, Howe CJ, Steiner U.  (2018) Nature communications. Apr 3;9(1):1299.


183. "Plastid transcript editing across dinoflagellate lineages shows lineage-specific application but conserved trends." Klinger CM, Paoli L, Newby RJ, Wang MY, Carroll HD, Leblond JD, Howe CJ, Dacks JB, Bowler C, Cahoon AB, Dorrell RG. (2018) Genome biology and evolution.  Mar 14;10(4):1019-38.


182. " Enhancing power density of biophotovoltaics by decoupling storage and power delivery." Saar KL, Bombelli P, Lea-Smith DJ, Call T, Aro EM, Müller T, Howe CJ, Knowles TP. (2018) Nature Energy. Jan;3(1):75.


181. "Electricity generation from digitally printed cyanobacteria." Sawa M, Fantuzzi A, Bombelli P, Howe CJ, Hellgardt K, Nixon PJ.  (2017) Nature communications. Nov 6;8(1):1327.


180. "Photoelectrochemistry of Photosystem II in Vitro vs in Vivo." Zhang JZ, Bombelli P, Sokol KP, Fantuzzi A, Rutherford AW, Howe CJ, Reisner E. (2017) Journal of the American Chemical Society. Oct 6;140(1):6-9.


179. "The use of cyanobacteria for biofuel production." Lea‐Smith DJ, Howe CJ (2017) Biofuels and Bioenergy Feb 27:143-55.


178. "Platinum-free, graphene based anodes and air cathodes for single chamber microbial fuel cells." Call TPCarey TBombelli P, Lea-Smith DJHooper PHowe CJ, Torrisi F (2017) Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5.45: 23872-23886.


177. "Polyethylene bio-degradation by caterpillars of the wax moth Galleria mellonella" Bombelli P, Howe CJ, Bertocchini F (2017) Current Biology 27:R292-293


176. “Progressive and biased divergent evolution underpins the origin and diversification of peridinin dinoflagellate plastids” Dorrell RG, Klinger CM, Newby RJ, Butterfield ER, Richardson E, Dacks JB, Howe CJ, Nisbet RER, Bowler C. (2017) Mol. Biol. Evol. 34:361-379


175. “Electrical output of bryophyte microbial fuel cell (bryoMFC) systems is sufficient to power a radio or an environmental sensor” Bombelli P, Dennis RJ, Felder F, Cooper MB, Iyer DMR, Royles J, Harrison STL, Smith AG, Harrison CJ, Howe CJ (2016) Royal Society Open Science 3:160249.


174. Lines of succession in an English ballad tradition: The publishing history and textual descent of The Wandering Jew’s Chronicle. Bergel G, Howe CJ, Windram HF (2016) Digital Scholarship in the Humanities 31:540-562.


173. “Hydrocarbons are essential for optimal cell size, division, and growth of cyanobacteria”  Lea-Smith DJ, Ortiz-Suarez ML, Lenn T, Nürnberg DJ, Baers LL, Davey MP, Parolini L, Huber RG, CAR, Mastroianni G, Bombelli P, Ungerer P, Stevens TJ, Smith AG, Bond PJ, Mullineaux CW, Howe CJ (2016) Plant Phys 172:1928-1940


172. “Generation of marked and markerless mutants in model cyanobacterialspecies” Lea-Smith DJ, Vasudevan R, Howe CJ (2016) Journal of Visualized Experiments 111:e54001


171. “Transcripts in the Plasmodium apicoplast undergo cleavage at tRNAs and editing, and include antisense sequences” Nisbet RER, Kurniawan DP, Bowers HD, Howe CJ (2016) Protist 167:377-388.


17-. “Distinguishing the roles of thylakoid respiratory terminal oxidases in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803” Ermakova M, Huokko T, Richaud P, Bersanini L, Howe CJ, Lea-Smith DJ, Pelletier G, Allahverdiyeva Y (2016) Plant Physiol. 171:1307-1319.


169. “Identification of sequences encoding Symbiodinium minutum mitochondrial proteins” Butterfield ER, Howe CJ, Nisbet RER (2016). Genome Biol Evol 8:439-445.


168. “Diversity of transcripts and transcript processing forms in plastids of the dinoflagellate alga Karenia mikimotoi” 
Dorrell RG, Hinksman GA, Howe CJ (2016) Plant Mol. Biol. 90:233-247.


167. “Exploiting algal NADPH oxidase for biophotovoltaic energy” Anderson A, Laohavisit A, Blaby IK, Bombelli P, Howe CJ, Merchant SS, Davies JM, Smith AG (2016) Plant Biotechnology Journal, 14:22-28


166. “Photosynthetic, respiratory and extracellular electron transport pathways in cyanobacteria” Lea-Smith DJ, Bombelli P, Vasudevan R, Howe CJ. (2016) Biochim Biophys Acta 1857:247-255.


165. “Intellectual ability in tuberous sclerosis complex correlates with predicted effects of mutations on TSC1 and TSC2 protein” Wong HT, McCartney DL, Lewis JC, Sampson JR, Howe CJ, de Vries PV. (2015) J Med Genet 52:815-822


164. “Contribution of cyanobacterial alkane production to the ocean hydrocarbon cycle” Lea-Smith DJ, Biller SJ, Davey MP, Cotton CAR, Sepulveda BMP, Turchyn AV, Scanlan DJ, Smith AG, Chisholm SW, Howe CJ. (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112:13591-13596


163. “Enhancing plasma membrane NADPH oxidase activity increases current output by diatoms in biophotovoltaic devices” Laohavisit A, Anderson A, Bombelli P, Jacobs M, Howe CJ, Davies JM, Smith AG. (2015) Algal Research 12:91-98.


162. “Biotechnological exploitation of microalgae” Gangl D, Zedler JAZ, Rajakumar PD, Martinez EMR, Riseley A, Włodarczyk A, Purton S, Sakuragi Y, Howe CJ, Jensen PE, Robinson C (2015) J Exp Bot 112:10247-10254


161. “Detecting the T1 cattle haplogroup in the Iberian Peninsula from Neolithic to medieval times: new clues to continuous cattle migration through time” Colominas L, Edwards CJ, Beja-Pereira A, Vigne J-D, Silva R, Castanyer P, Tremoleda J, Saña Seguí M, Pérez-Ripoll M, Goyache F, Howe CJ, Barker G, Bower MA (2015) Journal of Archaeological Science 59:110-117.


160. “Integration of plastids with their hosts: Lessons learned from dinoflagellates” Dorrell RG, Howe CJ (2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112:10247-10254.


159. “Biophotovoltaics: oxygenic photosynthetic organisms in the world of bioelectrochemical systems” McCormick AJ, Bombelli P, Bradley RW, Thorne R, Wenzel T, Howe CJ (2015) Energy & Environmental Science 8:1092-1109.


158. “A high power-density, mediator-free, microfluidic biophotovoltaic device for cyanobacterial cells” Bombelli P, Mueller T, Herling TW, Howe CJ, Knowles TPJ (2015) 5:1401299


157. “A phylogenetic analysis of Orlando Gibbons’s  Prelude in G” Windram HF, Charlston T, Howe CJ (2014) Early Music 42:515-528


156. “Assessing Symbiodinium diversity in scleractinian corals via next-generation sequencing-based genotyping of the ITS2 rDNA region” Chatchanit A, Daniels C, Bayer T, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Barbrook AC, Howe CJ, LaJeuness T, Voolstra C. (2014) Mol. Ecol. 23:4418-4433.


155. “Genome-wide transcript profiling reveals the coevolution of plastid gene sequences and transcript processing pathways in the fucoxanthin dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum” Dorrell RG, Richardson E, Howe CJ (2014) Mol Biol Evol., 31:2376-2386


154. “Reticulate evolution in Panicum (Poaceae): the origin of tetraploid broomcorn millet, P. miliaceum” Hunt HV, Badakshi F, Romanova O, Howe CJ, Jones MK, Heslop-Harrison JSP (2014) J. Exp Bot., 65:3165-3175.


153. “Phycobilisome-deficient strains of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 have reduced size and require carbon-limiting conditions to exhibit enhanced productivity” Lea-Smith DJ, Bombelli P, Dennis JS, Scott SA, Smith AG, Howe CJ (2014) Plant Phys. 165:705-714.


152. “Triacylglyceride production and autophagous responses in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii depend on resource allocation and carbon source” Davey MP, Horst I, Duong GH, Tomsett E, Litvinenko AC, Howe CJ, Smith AG (2014) Eukaryotic Cell 13:392-400.


151. “The purification of crude glycerol derived from biodiesel manufacture and its use as a substrate by Rhodopseudomonas palustris to produce hydrogen” Pott RWM, Howe CJ, Dennis JS (2014) Bioresource Technology 152:464-470.


150. “The chloroplast genome of a Symbiodinium sp. clade C3 isolate” Barbrook AC, Voolstra CR, Howe CJ (2014) Protist 165:1-13


149. “Evolution of chloroplast transcript processing in Plasmodium and its chromerid algal relatives” Dorrell RG, Drew J, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ (2014) PloS Genetics 10:e100408


148. “The Chloroplast genome of a Symbiodinium sp. clade C3 isolate” Barbrook AC, Voolstra CR, Howe CJ (2014) Protist in press


147. “The purification of crude glycerol derived from biodiesel manufacture and its use as a substrate by Rhodopseudomonas palustris to produce hydrogen” Pott RWM, Howe CJ, Dennis JS (2014) Bioresource Technology 152:464-470.


146. “Evolution: Unveiling early alveolates” Dorrell RG, Butterfield ER, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ (2013) Current Biology 23: R1093-1096


145. “Thinking ‘bibliogeographically’: Phylogenetic analyses and systems of manuscript circulation” Windram HF, Howe CJ, Connolly R (2013) English Manuscript Studies 18:215-251

144. “Hydrogen production through oxygenic photosynthesis using the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 in a bio-photoelectrolysis cell (BPE) system.” McCormick AJ, Bombelli P, Lea-Smith DJ, Bradley RW, Scott AM, Fisher AC, Smith AG, Howe CJ. (2013) Energy & Environmental Science 6:2682-2690.


143. “Terminal oxidase mutants of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 show increased electrogenic activity in biological photo-voltaic systems.” Bradley RW, Bombelli P, Lea-Smith DJ, Howe CJ. (2013) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 15:123611-13618.


142. “Thylakoid terminal oxidases are essential for the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 to survive rapidly changing light intensities” Lea-Smith DJ, Ross N, Zori M, Bendall DS, Dennis JS, Scott SA, Smith AG, Howe CJ. (2013) Plant Physiology 162:484-495.


141. “Photofermentation of crude glycerol from biodiesel using Rhodopseudomonas palustris: comparison with organic acids and the identification of inhibitory compounds” Pott RWM, Howe CJ & Dennis JS. (2013) Bioresource Technology 130:725-730.


140. “Waxy-phenotype evolution in the allotetraploid cereal broomcorn millet: mutations at the GBSSI locus in their functional and phylogenetic context” Hunt HV, Moots HM, Graybosch RA, Jones H, Parker M, Romanova O, Jones MK, Howe CJ, Trafford K. (2013) Mol. Biol. Evol. 30:109-122


139. “An analysis of dinoflagellate metabolism using EST data” Butterfield ER, Howe CJ, Nisbet RER. (2013) Protist 164:218-236.


138.“Comparison of power output by rice (Oryza sativa) and an associated weed (Echinochloa glabrescens) in vascular plant biophotovoltaic (VP-BPV) systems” Bombelli P, Iyer DMR, Covshoff S, McCormick AJ, Yunus K, Hibberd JM, Fisher AC, Howe CJ (2013) Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 97:429-438


137. “Biological photovoltaics: intra- and extra-cellular electron transport by cyanobacteria” Bradley RW, Bombelli P, Rowden SJL & Howe CJ (2012) Biochem Soc Trans. 40: 1302-1307


136. “Functional remodeling of RNA processing in replacement chloroplasts by pathways retained from their predecessors.” Dorrell RG & Howe CJ (2012) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 109: 18879-18884.


135. “Treatment of Phaeodactylum tricornutum cells with papain facilitates lipid

extraction” Horst I, Parker BM, Dennis JS, Howe CJ, Scott SA, Smith AG. (2012) Journal of Biotechnology. 162:40-49


134. “Truth in the bones: resolving the identity of the founding elite thoroughbred racehorses” Bower MA, Campana MG, Nisbet RER, Weller R, Whitten M, Edwards CJ, Stock F, Barrett E, O’Connell TC, Hill EW, Wilson AM, Howe CJ, Barker G, Binns M. (2012) Archaeometry 54: 916-925.


133. “Surface morphology and surface energy of anode materials influence power outputs in a multi-channel mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) system.” Bombelli P, Zarrouati M, Thorne RJ, Schneider K, Rowden SJL, Ali A, Yunus K, Cameron PJ, Fisher AC, Wilson DI, Howe CJ, McCormick AJ. (2012) Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14: 12221-12229


132. “What makes a chloroplast? Reconstructing the establishment of photosynthetic symbioses.” Dorrell RG, Howe CJ. (2012) J Cell Sci. 125: 1865-1875


131. “Polyuridylylation and processing of transcripts from multiple gene minicircles in chloroplasts of the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae” Barbrook AC, Dorrell RG, Burrows J, Plenderleith LJ, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ. (2012) Plant Molecular Biology 79:347-357.


130. “Transcript level responses of Plasmodium falciparum to Antimycin A” Tarr SJ, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ. (2012) Protist 163: 755-766.


129. “Responding to criticisms of the use of phylogenetic methods in stemmatology” Howe CJ, Connolly R, Windram HF. (2012) Studies in English Literature 52: 51-67.


128. “The role of a disulfide bridge in the stability and folding kinetics of Arabidopsis thaliana cytochrome c6A. Mason JM, Bendall DS, Howe CJ, Worrall JAR. (2012) Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1824: 311-318.


127. “Genetic diversity and phylogeography of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) across Eurasia” Hunt HV, Campana MG, Lawes MC, Park Y-J, Bower MA, Howe CJ, Jones MK. (2011) Molecular Ecology 20: 4756-4771.


126. “Photosynthetic biofilms in pure culture harness solar energy in a mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) cell system” McCormick AJ, Bombelli P, Scott AM, Philips A, Smith AG, Fisher AC, Howe CJ.  (2011) Energy & Environmental Science 4: 4699-4709


125. “Quantitative analysis of the factors limiting solar power transduction by Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 in biological photovoltaic devices” Bombelli P, Bradley RW, Scott AM, Philips AJ, McCormick AJ, Cruz SM, Anderson A, Yunus K, Bendall DS, Cameron PJ, Davies JM, Smith AG, Howe CJ, Fisher AC. (2011) Energy & Environmental Science 4: 4690-4698.


124. “Sirolimus Therapy for Angiomyolipoma in Tuberous Sclerosis and Sporadic Lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A Phase 2 Trial” Davies DM, de Vries PJ, Johnson SR, McCartney DL, Cox JA, Serra AL, Watson PC, Howe CJ, Doyle T, Pointon K, Cross JJ, Tattersall AE, Kingswood JC, Sampson JR. (2011) Clinical Cancer Research 17: 4071-4081.


123. “Transcript-level responses of Plasmodium falciparum to thiostrepton.” Tarr SJ, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ. (2011) Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 179: 37-41.


122. “Phylomemetics - evolutionary analysis beyond the gene” Howe CJ, Windram HF. (2011) PLoS Biology 9 e1001069


121. “Conservation of structural and functional elements of TSC1 and TSC2: a bioinformatic comparison across animal models.” Serfontein J, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ, de Vries PJ. (2011) Behavior Genetics 41: 349-356.


120. “Structural and kinetic studies of imidazole binding to two members of the cytochrome c6 family reveal an important role for a conserved heme pocket residue. “Rajagopal BS, Milson MT, Bendall DS, Howe CJ, Worrall JAR. (2011) J Biol Inorg Chem 16 577-588.


119. “The cosmopolitan maternal heritage of the Thoroughbred racehorse breed shows a significant contribution from British and Irish native mares.” Bower MA, Campana MG, Whitten M, Edwards CJ, Jones H, Barrett E, Cassidy R, Nisbet RER, Hill EW, Howe CJ, Binns M  (2011) Biology Letters 7 316-320.


118. “Some considerations about bifurcation in diagrams representing the written tradition of the Mahabharata.” Phillips-Rodriguez WJ, Howe CJ, Windram HF (2010) Vienna Journal of South Asian Studies 52-53 29-43.


117. Life-cycle assessment of potential algal biodiesel production in the United Kingdom: a comparison of raceways and air-lift tubular bioreactors. Stephenson AL, Kazamia E, Dennis JS, Howe CJ, Scott SA, Smith AG (2010) Energy and Fuels 24 4062-4077.


116. “Evolution of the TSC1/TSC2-TOR signaling pathway” Serfontein J, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ*, de Vries PJ (2010) Science Signaling 3, ra49.


115. “Molecular Basis of the Waxy Endosperm Starch Phenotype in Broomcorn Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.)” Hunt HV, Denyer K, Packman LC, Jones MK, Howe CJ (2010) Mol. Biol. Evol. 27 1478-1494.


114. “Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects” Scott SA, Davey MP, Dennis JS, Horst I, Howe CJ, Lea-Smith DJ, Smith AG (2010) Curr. Opinion. Biotech. 21, 277-286.


113. “A banned variety was the mother of several major wine grapes” Hunt HV, Lawes MC, Bower MA, Haeger JW, Howe CJ (2010) Biol. Letts. 6, 367-369.


112. “A flock of sheep, goats and cattle: ancient DNA analysis reveals complexities of historical parchment manufacture.” Campana MG, Bower MA, Bailey MJ, Stock F, O’Connell TC, Edwards CJ, Checkley-Scott C, Knight B, Spencer M, Howe CJ (2010) J. Archaeol. Sci. 37, 1317-1325.


111. “The potential for extraction and exploitation of DNA from parchment: a review of the opportunities and hurdles.” Bower MA, Campana MG, Checkley-Scott C, Knight B, Howe CJ (2010) J. Inst. of Conservation 33 1-11.


110. “Organisation and expression of organelle genomes” Barbrook AC, Howe CJ, Kurniawan DP, Tarr SJ (2010) Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, 365  785-797.


109. “Influence of nitrogen-limitation regime on the production by Chlorella vulgaris of lipids for biodiesel feedstocks” Stephenson AL, Dennis JS, Howe CJ, Scott SA, Smith AG (2010) Biofuels, 1 47-58.


108. “Latitudinal variation in a photoperiod response gene in European barley: insight into the dynamics of agricultural spread from 'historic' specimens” Lister DL, Thaw S, Bower MA, Jones H, Charles MP, Jones G, Smith LMJ, Howe CJ, Brown TA & Jones MK (2009) Journal of Archaeological Science 36 1092-1098.


107. “Emission of methane from plants.” Nisbet RER, Fisher R, Nimmo RH, Bendall DS, Crill PM, Gallego-Sala AV, Hornibrook ERC, Lopez-Juez E, Lowry D, Nisbet PBR, Shuckburgh EF, Sriskantharajah S, Howe CJ & Nisbet EG (2009). Proc Roy Soc 276 1347-1354.


106. "Dante’s Monarchia as a test case for the use of phylogenetic methods in stemmatic analysis " Windram H, Shaw P, Robinson P, Howe CJ (2008) Literary and Linguistic Computing, 23, 443-463.


105. “Cytochrome c6A: discovery, structure and properties responsible for its low haem redox potential.” Worrall JAR, Luisi BF, Schlarb-Ridley BG, Bendall DS, Howe CJ (2008) Biochem. Soc. Trans. 36, 1175-1179


104. "Docking of cytochrome c6 and plastocyanin to the aa3-type cytochrome c oxidase in the cyanobacterium Phormidium laminosum" Hart SE, Howe CJ, Mizuguchi K, Fernandez-Recio J (2008). Protein Engineering, Design and Selection, 21, 689-698.


103. "Cellular evolution: What’s in a mitochondrion?" Howe CJ (2008) Current Biology 18 R429-431


102. "The origin of plastids" Howe CJ, Barbrook AC, Nisbet RER, Lockhart PJ, Larkum AWD. (2008) Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B 363 2675-2685


101. "Dinoflagellates: a mitochondrial genome all at sea" Nash EA, Nisbet RER, Barbrook AC & Howe CJ. (2008) Trends in Genetics 24 328-335


100. "The remarkable chloroplast genome of dinoflagellates" Howe CJ, Nisbet RER, Barbrook AC. (2008) Journal of Experimental Botany 59 1035-1045


99. "Extraction and amplification of nuclear DNA from herbarium specimens of emmer wheat: a method for assessing DNA preservation by maximum amplicon length recovery" Lister DL, Bower MA, Howe CJ, Jones MK. (2008) Taxon 57 254-258


98. "Transcript analysis of dinoflagellate plastid gene minicircles" Nisbet RER, Hiller RG, Barry ER, Skene P, Barbrook AC, Howe CJ (2008) Protist 159 31-39


97. "The age of Rubisco: the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis" Nisbet EG, Grassineau NV, Howe CJ, Abell PI, Regelous M, Nisbet RER (2007) Geobiology 5 311-335


96.  "The tuberous sclerosis complex proteins – a GRIPP on cognition and neurodevelopment" de Vries PJ, Howe CJ (2007) Trends in Molecular Medicine 13 319-326


95. "Modulation of heme redox potential in the cytochrome c6 family" Worrall JAR, Schlarb-Ridley BG, Reda T, Marcaida MJ, Moorlen RJ, Wastl J, Hirst J, Bendall DS, Luisi BF, Howe CJ (2007) Journal of the American Chemical Society 129 9468-9475


94. "Organisation of the mitochondrial genome in the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae" Nash EA, Barbrook AC, Edwards-Stuart RK, Bernhardt K, Howe CJ, Nisbet RER (2007) Molecular Biology and Evolution 24 1528-1536


93. "Shopping for plastids" Larkum AWD, Lockhart PJ, Howe CJ (2007) Trends in Plant Science 12 189-195


92. "The little genome of Apicomplexan plastids: its raison d’etre and a possible explanation for the “delayed death” phenomenon” Howe CJ, Purton S (2007) Protist 158 121-133


91. "The copy number of chloroplast gene minicircles changes dramatically with growth phase in the dinoflagellate Amphidinium operculatum" Koumandou VL, Howe CJ (2007) Protist 158 89-103


90. "Comparative analysis of dinoflagellate chloroplast genomes reveals rRNA and tRNA genes" Barbrook AC, Santucci N, Plenderleith LJ, Hiller RG, Howe CJ (2006) BMC Genomics 7 297


89. "Optimal strategies for accurate transcription" Spencer M, Howe CJ (2006) Literary and Linguistic Computing 21 353-362


88. "Structure of cytochrome c6A, a novel dithio-cytochrome of Arabidopsis thaliana, and its reactivity with plastocyanin: implications for function" Marcaida M, Schlarb-Ridley BG, Worrall JAR, Wastl J, Evans TJ, Bendall DS, Luisi BF, Howe CJ (2006) Journal of Molecular Biology 360 968-977


87. "Cytochrome c6A is a funnel for thiol oxidation in the thylakoid lumen" Schlarb-Ridley BG, Nimmo, RH, Purton S, Howe CJ, Bendall DS (2006) FEBS Letters 580 2166-2169


86. "Molecular diversity of dinoflagellate symbionts of Cnidaria: the psbA minicircle of Symbiodinium" Barbrook AC, Visram S, Douglas A, Howe CJ (2006) Protist 157 159-171


85. "Distinctive organization of genes for light-harvesting proteins in the cryptophyte alga Rhodomonas" Broughton MJ, Howe CJ, Hiller RG (2006) Gene 369 72-79


84. "Why are plastid genomes retained in non-photosynthetic organisms?" Barbrook AC, Howe CJ, Purton S (2006) Trends in Plant Science 11 101-108


83. "The novel cytochrome c6 of chloroplasts - a case of evolutionary bricolage?" Howe CJ, Schlarb-Ridley BG, Wastl J, Purton S, Bendall DS (2006) Journal of Experimental Botany 57 13-22


82. "Terminal oxidases of cyanobacteria" Hart SE, Schlarb-Ridley BG, Bendall DS & Howe CJ (2005) Biochemical Society Transactions 33 832-835


81. "How many clones need to be sequenced from a single forensic or ancient DNA sample in order to determine a reliable consensus sequence?" Bower MA, Spencer M, Matsumura S, Nisbet RER, Howe CJ (2005) Nucleic Acids Research 33 2549-2556


80. "The identification of exemplar change in the Wife of Bath's Prologue using the maximum chi-squared method" Windram HF, Howe CJ, Spencer M (2005) Literary and Linguistic Computing 20 189-204

79. "Implications of the effects of viscosity, macromolecular crowding, and temperature for the transient interaction between cytochrome f and plastocyanin from the cyanobacterium Phormdium laminosum" Schlarb-Ridley BG, Mi H, Teale WD, Meyer VS, Howe CJ, Bendall DS (2005) Biochemistry 44 6232-6238


78. "Unique origin and lateral transfer of prokaryotic chlorophyll-b and chlorophyll d-light-harvesting systems" Chen M, Hiller RG, Howe CJ, Larkum AWD (2005) Molecular Biology and Evolution (2005) 22 21-28


77. "Collating texts using progressive multiple alignment" Spencer M, Howe CJ (2004) Computers and the Humanities 38 253-270


76. "Two forms of cytochrome c6 in a single eukaryote" Wastl J, Purton S, Bendall DS, Howe CJ (2004) Trends in Plant Science 9 474-476


75. "Authenticity of ancient DNA results: a statistical approach" Spencer M, Howe CJ (2004) American Journal of Human Genetics 75 240-250


74. "Redox properties of Arabidopsis  cytochrome c6 are independent of the loop extension specific to higher plants" Wastl J, Molina-Heredia FP, Hervas M, Navarro JA, De La Rosa MA, Bendall DS, Howe CJ (2004) Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1657 115-120


73. "Dinoflagellate chloroplasts – where have all the genes gone?" Koumandou VL, Nisbet RER, Barbrook AC, Howe CJ (2004) Trends in Genetics 20 261-267


72. "Novel plastid gene minicircles in the dinoflagellate Amphidinium operculatum" Nisbet RER, Koumandou VL, Barbrook AC, Howe CJ (2004) Gene 331 141-147


71. "Phylogenetics of artificial manuscripts" Spencer M, Davidson EA, Barbrook AC, Howe CJ (2004) Journal of Theoretical Biology 227 503-511


70. "Representing multiple pathways of textual flow in the Greek manuscripts of the Letter of James using reduced median networks" Spencer M, Wachtel K, Howe CJ (2004) Computers and the Humanities 38 1-14