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Mim Bower (Postdoctoral Researcher)

Mim Bower (Postdoctoral Researcher)

Subject groups/Research projects

Glyn Daniel Laboratory:
Human Palaeoecology:

Research Interests

My core interest is using Archaeological Science within a multi-disciplinary framework. I specialise in analysing ancient DNA to address key questions of archaeological interest.

Humans have a fascinating relationship with the natural world. They shape and are shaped by it. My interest is how, throughout prehistory and into more recent periods, we have altered a range of species to fulfil our needs. Initially those of survival, but later of luxury and status.

I am interested in how the relationships between humans and animals and humans and plants have impacted on the genetics of those species. My work in these areas includes projects on horses, cattle and close collaboration with projects on wheat, barley and millet.

Key Publications


Selected publications

[1] Bower M.A., McGivney B.A., Campana M.G., Gu J., Andersson L.S., Barrett E., Davis C.R., Mikko S., Stock F., Voronkova V., Bradley D.G., Fahey A.G., Lindgren G., MacHugh D.E., Sulimova G. and Hill E.W. (2012). The genetic origin and history of speed in the Thoroughbred racehorse.. Nat Commun DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1644.
[2] Warmuth V., Eriksson A., Bower M.A., Barker G., Barrett E., Hanks B.K., Li S., Lomitashvili D., Ochir-Goryaeva M., Sizonov G.V., Soyonov V. and Manica A. (2012). Reconstructing the origin and spread of horse domestication in the Eurasian steppe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 109(21), 8202-8206. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1111122109.
[3] Bower M.A., Campana M.G., Whitten M., Edwards C.J., Jones H., Barrett E., Cassidy R., Nisbet R.E., Hill E.W., Howe C.J. and Binns M. (2010). The cosmopolitan maternal heritage of the Thoroughbred racehorse breed shows a significant contribution from British and Irish native mares.. Biol Lett, 7(2), 316-320. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0800.
[4] Campana M.G., Whitten C.M., Edwards C.J., Stock F., Murphy A.M., Binns M.M., Barker G.W. and Bower M.A. (2010). Accurate determination of phenotypic information from historic thoroughbred horses by single base extension.. PLoS One DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0015172.

Articles & Chapters

[1] Bower M.A., Whitten M., Nisbet R.E.R., Spencer M., Dominy K.M., Murphy A.M., Cassidy R., Barrett E., Hill E.W. and Binns M. (2013). Thoroughbred racehorse mitochondrial DNA demonstrates closer than expected links between maternal genetic history and pedigree records. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 130(3), 227-235. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0388.2012.01018.x.
[2] Campana M.G., Bower M.A. and Crabtree P.J. (2013). Ancient DNA for the Archaeologist: The Future of African Research. African Archaeological Review, 30, 21-37. DOI: 10.1007/s10437-013-9127-2.
[3] Warmuth V., Eriksson A., Barker G., Bower M.A., Hanks B.K., Li S., Lomitashvili D., Ochir-Goryaeva M., Sizonov G.V., Soyonov V. and Manica A. (2013). Erratum: Reply to Forster et al.: Quantifying demic movement and local recruitment in the spread of horse domestication (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2012) 109 (E3149) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1212046109). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
[4] Warmuth V., Eriksson A., Barker G., Bower M.A., Hanks B.K., Li S., Lomitashvili D., Ochir-Goryaeva M., Sizonov G.V., Soyonov V. and Manica A. (2013). Reply to Forster et al.: Quantifying demic movement and local recruitment in the spread of horse domestication (vol 109, pg E3149, 2012). PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 110(11), E978. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1301584110.
[5] Warmuth V., Manica A., Eriksson A., Barker G. and Bower M. (2013). Autosomal genetic diversity in non-breed horses from eastern Eurasia provides insights into historical population movements.. Anim Genet, 44(1), 53-61. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2012.02371.x.
[6] Warmuth V.M., Campana M.G., Erikson A., Bower M., Barker G.W.W. and Manica A. (2013). Ancient trade routes shaped the genetic structure of horses in eastern Eurasia. Molecular Ecology, 22(21), 5340-5351. DOI: 10.1111/mec.12491.
[7] Bower M.A., Campana M., Nisbet R.E.R., Weller R., Whitten M., Edwards C.J., Stock F., Barrett E., O'Connell T.C., Hill E.W., Wilson A.M., Howe C.J., Barker G. and Binns M. (2012). TRUTH IN THE BONES: RESOLVING THE IDENTITY OF THE FOUNDING ELITE THOROUGHBRED RACEHORSES. Archaeometry, 54(4), 916-925. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00666.x.
[8] Campana M.G., Lister D.L., Whitten C.M., Edwards C.J., Stock F., Barker G. and Bower M.A. (2012). Complex relationships between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA preservation in historical DNA extracts. Archaeometry, 54(1), 193-202.
[9] Campana M.G., Stock F., Barrett E., Benecke N., Barker G.W., Seetah K. and Bower M.A. (2012). Genetic stability in the Icelandic horse breed.. Anim Genet, 43(4), 447-449. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2011.02266.x.
[10] Warmuth V., Barker G., Bower M.A., Hanks B.K., Li S., Lomitashvilie D., Ochir-Goryaeva M., Sizonov G.V. and Soyonov V. (2012). Reply to Forster et al.: Quantifying demic movement and local recruitment in the spread of horse domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
[11] Hunt H.V., Campana M.G., Lawes M.C., Park Y.J., Bower M.A., Howe C.J. and Jones M.K. (2011). Genetic diversity and phylogeography of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) across Eurasia.. Molecular Ecology, 20(22), 4756-4771. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05318.x.
[12] Koban E., Denizci M., Aslan O., Aktoprakligil D., Aksu S., Bower M., Balcioglu B.K., Ozdemir Bahadir A., Bilgin R., Erdag B., Bagis H. and Arat S. (2011). High microsatellite and mitochondrial diversity in Anatolian native horse breeds shows Anatolia as a genetic conduit between Europe and Asia. Animal Genetics
[13] Lei C.Z., Zhang C.M., Weining S., Campana M.G., Bower M.A., Zhang X.M., Liu L., Lan X.Y. and Chen H. (2011). Genetic diversity of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene in Chinese native buffalo. ANIM GENET, 42(4), 432-436. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2011.02174.x.
[14] Li C.X., Lister D.L., Li H.J., Xu Y., Cui Y.Q., Bower M.A., Jones M.K. and Zhou H. (2011). Ancient DNA analysis of desiccated wheat grains excavated from a Bronze Age cemetery in Xinjiang. J ARCHAEOL SCI, 38(1), 115-119. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.08.016.
[15] Warmuth V., Eriksson A., Bower M.A., Cañon J., Cothran G., Distl O., Glowatzki-Mullis M.L., Hunt H., Luís C. and do Mar Oom M. (2011). European domestic horses originated in two holocene refugia.. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018194.
[16] Bower M.A., Campana M.G., Checkley-Scott C., Knight B. and Howe C.J. (2010). The potential for extraction and exploitation of DNA from parchment: A review of the opportunities and hurdles. Journal of the Institute of Conservation, 33(1), 1-11.
[17] Bower M.A. and Jones M.K. (2010). DNA: Ancient. Encyclopedia of Archaeology
[18] Campana M.G., Bower M.A., Bailey M.J., Stock F., O'Connell T.C., Edwards C.J., Checkley-Scott C., Knight B., Spencer M. and Howe C.J. (2010). A flock of sheep, goats and cattle: ancient DNA analysis reveals complexities of historical parchment manufacture. J ARCHAEOL SCI, 37(6), 1317-1325. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2009.12.036.
[19] Hunt H.V., Lawes M.C., Bower M.A., Haeger J.W. and Howe C.J. (2010). A banned variety was the mother of several major wine grapes.. Biol Lett, 6(3), 367-369. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0810.
[20] Lister D.L., Bower M.A. and Jones M.K. (2010). Herbarium specimens expand the geographical and temporal range of germplasm data in phylogeographic studies. TAXON, 59(5), 1321-1323.
[21] Lei C.Z., Su R., Bower M.A., Edwards C.J., Wang X.B., Weining S., Liu L., Xie W.M., Li F., Liu R.Y., Zhang Y.S., Zhang C.M. and Chen H. (2009). Multiple maternal origins of native modern and ancient horse populations in China. ANIM GENET, 40(6), 933-944. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2052.2009.01950.x.
[22] Lister D.L., Thaw S., Bower M.A., Jones H., Charles M.P., Jones G., Smith L.M.J., Howe C.J., Brown T.A. and Jones M.K. (2009). Latitudinal variation in a photoperiod response gene in European barley: insight into the dynamics of agricultural spread from 'historic' specimens. J ARCHAEOL SCI, 36(4), 1092-1098. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2008.12.012.
[23] Jones H., Leigh F.J., Mackay I., Bower M.A., Smith L.M., Charles M.P., Jones G., Jones M.K., Brown T.A. and Powell W. (2008). Population-based resequencing reveals that the flowering time adaptation of cultivated barley originated east of the Fertile Crescent..Mol Biol Evol, 25(10), 2211-2219. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msn167.
[24] Jones H., Lister D.L., Bower M.A., Leigh F.J., Smith L.M. and Jones M.K. (2008). Approaches and constraints of using existing landrace and extant plant material to understand agricultural spread in prehistory. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterisation and Utilisation, 6(2), 98-112.
[25] Lister D.L., Bower M.A., Howe C.J. and Jones M.K. (2008). Extraction and amplification of nuclear DNA from herbarium specimens of emmer wheat: a method for assessing DNA preservation by maximum amplicon length recovery. TAXON, 57(1), 254-258.
[26] McGahern A.M., Edwards C.J., Bower M.A., Heffernan A., Park S.D.E., Brophy P.O., Bradley D.G., MacHugh D.E. and Hill E.W. (2006). Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in extant Irish horse populations and in ancient horses. ANIM GENET, 37(5), 498-502. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2052.2006.01506.x.
[27] Bower M.A., Spencer M., Matsumura S., Nisbet R.E.R. and Howe C.J. (2005). How many clones need to be sequenced from a single forensic or ancient DNA sample in order to determine a reliable consensus sequence?. NUCLEIC ACIDS RES, 33(8), 2549-2556. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gki550.

Contact us

Professor Chris Howe
Professor of Plant Biochemistry

Tel: +44 (0)1223 333688

Lab phone: +44 (0)1223 333687
Departmental fax: +44 (0)1223 333345

Department of Biochemistry
University of Cambridge
Hopkins Building
Downing Site
Cambridge CB2 1QW
United Kingdom